The price at which a security first trades upon the opening of an exchange on a given trading day. A securities opening price is an important marker for that day's tarding activity, especially for those interested in measuring short-term results, such as day-traders. Additionally, for securities which experience very large intra-day gains and losses will have those swings measured relative to their opening price for the day.
Quite commonly, a security's opening price will not be identical to its closing price. This is due to after-hours trading and to changes in investor valuations or expectations of the security occurring outside of trading hours. The opening price of a security serves as a benchmark for the day: if the security finishes trading at a higher price it is said to have closed up, and if it finishes trading below the opening price it is said to have closed down.
Investment dictionary. Academic. 2012.
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Opening price — The range of prices at which the first bids and offers were made or first transactions were completed. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * opening price opening price ➔ price1 * * * opening price UK US noun [C] STOCK MARKET, FINANCE ► the … Financial and business terms
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